Wild chamomile is an annual herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family. Baskets of white flowers. Wild chamomile blooms in may — August
Used flower baskets chamomile (without stems, with residue length of the pedicels not more than 3 cm), collected at the beginning of flowering, when the marginal ligulate flowers in baskets are arranged horizontally.
In the flower baskets chamomile contains essential oil (0,1-0,8%), which consists of chamazulene, kadinen; flavonoids, nicotinic and ascorbic, Caprylic, antemisova, isovaleric, salicylic acid, coumarin, choline, phytosterols, carotene, bitterness, slime, gum, sugars, proteins and glycoside spasmolytic, relaxing smooth muscles and anesthetic intestinal spasms, glycoside sweatshop action, apigenin, apiin, herniarin, matricin.
The properties of chamomile
Chamomile essential oil has disinfectant and diaphoretic action, reduces the formation of gases, relieves pains, reduces inflammation, normalizes impaired function of the gastrointestinal tract, stimulant effect on the Central nervous system: enhances and speeds up breathing and increases the heart rate, dilates the cerebral vessels. Large doses of essential oils cause headache and General weakness.
Preparational dosage increase the secretion of stomach and intestinal juices; increase bile secretion and stimulate appetite.
Chamomile has anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, analgesic effect, enhances the healing of wounds.
The use of chamomile
Chamomile is used in the treatment of bronchial asthma. rheumatism. gastritis, eczema. burns, stomach ulcers. colitis. and with increased excitability, neuralgic pain, painful menstruation. uterine bleeding. fatigue, colds. Externally this plant is used for washing hemorrhoids. for foot baths with sweating feet, for hair care, gynecological diseases, Trichomonas vaginitis. In influenza it is recommended to inhale the vapors of hot infusion of chamomile.
In Russian folk medicine, infusion of chamomile is used as an infusion for gastritis. colitis. diseases of the liver. kidney. bladder, malaria, colds. diseases accompanied by fever, scrofula, diseases of the nervous system. insomnia and other diseases. Externally with weak healing wounds, children’s colic. In the form of decoction mixed with salt — for gout. ulcers and boils .
An infusion of chamomile has anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, antiseptic, mild astringent, analgesic, sedative, anticonvulsant, diaphoretic, cholagogue action.
The infusion of chamomile is used internally for spasms of the intestines, gastritis. enteritis. flatulence. inflammation of the liver and gallbladder, kidney, bladder, dysmenorrhea, in hysteria, nervousness and convulsions. neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve. Externally as an astringent antiseptic, anti-inflammatory agent in the form of a rinse, lotions, baths and therapeutic enemas.