Medicine Of Ancient Egypt
Sources for studying medicine of the ancient Egyptians are the archaeological materials (human remains and animals, a large number of mummies), the written landmarks, papyrus, architectural landmarks, with its many inscriptions on them.
Among the papyri with medical information is the most important Ebers papyrus found in the ruins of Thebes in 1873. This is a roll 20 m long, 30 cm wide, the third of its purely medical content. In the papyrus Ebers, as in all others, there is no authors ‘ names, contents served as a revelation of higher forces.
About the skillful application of methods of research of patients gives an idea a typical Entry: “If you’re observing the patient, who suffers, suffers constipation, you think he is: he feels well, he eats, his stomach expands, the heart gets tired when walking, as the person who is sick with inflammation of the anus. Offer the patient to lie down and experiences it. If you find that his body is hot, and the belly is hard, tell him you have a disease of the liver, make him a laxative. After this work, you will find that the right side of the abdomen is hot and the left cold, tell the patient: your illness is in the way of curing. Visit the patient again. If you find all his body cold, tell me this: your liver is separated and purified, medicines come to you”.
Military doctors, accompanying troops in the campaigns, nakaplivaetsya relative to the treatment of wounds, fractures and other injuries. Some of the tombs preserved image operations on the extremities. Meet accurate description of paralysis. Instructions are given how to recognize the pregnancy and how “to distinguish between a woman who can and who can’t give birth”.
In Egyptian museums can be seen lancets, tweezers, catheters deflated urine, uterine mirrors, tool kits for burns and clarificati. Already on ancient mummies found the fastening of loose teeth with healthy adjacent gold tie, correctly fused fractures. All this testifies to the high level of development of surgery among the ancient Egyptians.
The doctors in Egypt were advised to maintain health regularly, at the end of each month, for 3 days, empty the body of toxins through emetics and enemas. Advised to get up early, to sponge oneself down with cold water, do Jogging, boating and other physical exercise. It is clear that all advances in medicine ancient Egyptian doctors were available in full only wealthy segments of the population.
The activities of doctors in Ancient Egypt was governed by the harsh demands of morality. Failure to do so was severely punished up to death penalty.
Among the various fevers were particularly common “AAT”, which sounds like malaria. The inscription on the stone slab, found in the vicinity of Dendera are organised suggests that thousands of years before our times the ancient Egyptians linked the spread of the disease “AAT” mosquitoes. The inscription advises that in the weeks after the fall of water in the Nile, until the puddles dry out, not to leave the premises after sunset, so as not to be bitten by mosquitoes that cause “AAT”.
It should be noted that during the construction of the giant structures – pyramids, temples – almost no mass diseases, despite the large crowd of people. Doctors on the construction strictly followed so that workers bathed after work, changed the bandages of the thigh, which consisted of all the clothes. Patients were immediately isolated, and the barracks where the workers lived, annually burned and built new on other places.