Types and use of medicinal herbs
Medicinal herbs are considered as having at least one substance with therapeutic effect. Typically, they are used in addition to the basic treatment or prevention of various diseases. The Pharmacopoeia of Russia contains about 160 kinds of medicinal herbs permitted for use. Nutrients can be located in different parts of the plant: the herb (chamomile, series, zmeegolovnika, dymjanki), seeds, fruits (coriander, anise, dopes, flax, poppy hypnotic, plantain), in flowers (calendula officinalis, cornflower blue), in the bark, roots, buds.
Release of a medicine for internal and external use. The first group includes such forms of use as infusion, decoction, hydroalcoholic, and oil extraction (tincture, extract). Second, herbal bath, body wrap, poultice, compress. Some popular herbal remedies that combine plants with similar properties. Among them there are Antiasthmatic, diuretic, pectoral, diuretic, carminative, sedative, stomach astringent, bitter, diaphoretic, for gargling, multivitamin and many other charges.
The recycling business of herbs is highly profitable, due to small hardware costs and a constant demand for this kind of goods. The popularity of medicinal herbs is dictated by low cost, safety,long-term use and combination with other medicinal forms.
When full production cycle of drug charges can be divided into the following stages: production of raw materials, Assembly, drying, processing and packaging.
For cultivation it is possible to organize the plantation, which will require the purchase of land, equipment, seeds and fertilizers. This production has many advantages: you can adjust the amounts and types of plants, raw materials will always be available. But for a beginner it would be better to buy raw materials from the collectors and further processed, as the cultivation is costly and the knowledge of the complex technology of Assembly plants. When you purchase raw materials you need to exercise caution and to carefully check the purchased herbs. Better, of course, and monitor the process of drying of raw materials, because it determines the quality of future product. In the standard 24027.2-80 are methods of determining the quality of plant raw material. There are also special institutions for the study of medicinal raw materials: the sanitary inspection, the Center of Metrology and standardization laboratory or in pharmaceutical plants.
An incomplete cycle of processing of the herbs is as follows. Raw materials are sorted and cleaned from foreign particles and decayed parts, after which it is sent for drying. Drying is a method of conservation of plants. In natural method, the plants placed in shade in a well ventilated room. So as much as possible kept active substances and coloring. When you choose machine drying mode, according to the composition of plants: herbs with essential oils are dried at a temperature of 25-30°C, laying out a thick layer, alkaloid and glucoseoxidase – 50-60°C, vitamin and quickly at a temperature of 80-100°C, gradually reducing it to 40°C. the Signs of the end of the drying: for roots, roots – break with a distinctive crack; for leaves and grass – fray the fingers; for the veins of the leaves and stems of grass is broken; for flowers – dry to the touch. Juicy dried fruits under compression in the hand should not stick together in a lump.