Awara: description, useful properties and contraindications
Awara (lat. Astrocaryum vulgare) is a woody plant height of 10-15 meters from the family of Palm.
The spread of the Avars
Native plants considered to be North-West of the South American continent, but as the settlement Indians of awara was subsequently distributed in Brazil, Guyana and Suriname. It is cultivated in almost all countries of South America.
Biological description Avars
The leaves of this plant are covered with sharp spines, and the trunk is studded with thorns, reaching a length of 20 cm. the Most interesting property of this plant is that the spines located on the leaves and stem are designed to catch falling from other trees leaves. Decomposing, they give the plant extra food. And at the base of leafstalks long retains moisture, which attracts a huge number of Scorpions.
Another feature of the Avars is the fact that the flowers grow directly from the trunk of the plant at the base of the branches. After the ovaries in place of the flowers formed fruits, which at the time of ripening hang down in clusters of 100-200 pieces. But that’s not all the exclusive features of the Avars. She is one of few higher plants are able to grow and bear fruit in visited 4000 meters above sea level.
The fruits of the Avars
The fruit is shaped round or oval, length 3-6 cm, red-brown or orange color. Inside the fruit contains a juicy aromatic pulp, tastes like apricot. The fruit inside contains the bone, which occupies the largest part (80%) of the total volume of the fruit, and the flesh surrounding the bone, in a thickness of about 5 mm.
The caloric value of the fruits of the Avars is 65 kcal/100 g.
Useful properties of the Avars
The fruit of the awara anciently prized by local tribes, with valuable nutritional and medicinal properties. In the pulp contains up to 35% oil. Therefore, Avar is the oilseed, which produce well-known palm oil. But the oil on an industrial scale not squeeze out the fruit pulp and seed plants.
Oil from the seeds of the Avars, called CHUCHU, is used in folk medicine as anti-inflammatory remedy for rheumatism, boils and toothache. In recent times due to these properties, oil Avars has been actively used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and dietetics.
Berries are also very rich in vitamin a and carotene, so it is shown in low vision, diseases of the skin and hair.
The fruit pulp is a very common component of the menu of South American Nations. Tribes the Amazon is usually prepared to awara on a couple and used as a garnish for many dishes, and the inhabitants of Guiana Easter table is unthinkable without the pasta from the fruit of this plant, which extinguish a mixture of several dozen other ingredients.
Awara gives people not only a valuable fruit. Black, hard and durable wood Avars used not only in construction but also in the aviation industry, and even in space technology. From the fiber of young leaves Avars Indians weave baskets, making ropes and even fishing nets.
Contraindications to the use of the Avars
Special contraindications to the use of the fruits of the Avars there, so the focus should be only on the individual tolerability of the product.
Harmful is produced from the seeds of the awara palm oil containing a high percentage gidrogenizirovannye fats that contribute to high cholesterol levels in the blood and thereby increase the risk of developing killer No. 1 in the world of atherosclerosis. Therefore, anyone who is watching their health, before purchasing the product should carefully review the information on the packaging. Particularly palm oil is often added to margarine, processed cheeses, spreads, ice cream, condensed milk, etc.