Medicinal plants – Medicinal plant
For more convenient use of the Handbook of medicinal plants are arranged in alphabetical order their Russian names.
Description of plants is given under the scheme:
name — Russian, Latin, Ukrainian and most common Ukrainian and Russian folk; family;
used for therapeutic purposes parts of plants; biological and ecological features; habitats of ;
Botanical-geographic (see map) the area of distribution (of the main areas of actual and possible blanks indicating raw materials inventories);
brief morphological characteristics, mainly of parts, which is the raw material;
allowable impurity (similar in chemical composition, permissible for use along with the main plant);
unacceptable impurities (species, mistaken by collectors for the desired plants, and added to the raw material to forge);
the timing of the procurement of raw materials;
features of drying of raw materials;
packaging and storage;
the impact of medicinal plants on a particular disease;
ways of making infusions . tinctures and ointments – a method of treatment .
Ukraine due to its natural-climatic conditions is one of the most important countries of pieces of medicinal-plant materials . On its territory there are more than 200 species of medicinal plants . almost half of them have already found their practical application and is stored in an organized manner.
Special emphasis in the reference book “Medicinal Plants of Ukraine” is made of a high quality of raw materials . The most frequent causes of undesirable impurities is resemblance non-drug types of drug. For example, instead of smartweed, or water pepper— Polygonum hydropiper L. collect pochechuynaya grass and other species of the genus Polygonum; instead of chamomile — Matricaria recutita L. various species of the genus Popovka romashkovaya and other plants: chamomile odorless — Tripleurospermum inodorum (L.) S. In the IP. the ordinary plant — Leucanthemum vulgare L., etc. Sometimes errors occur due to the fact that completely different plants in different areas have the same or similar titles. For example, the name “mullein” in Ukraine refers to the genus of mullein (Verbascum), and the genus Datura (Datura), violet tricolor (Viola tricolor L.) in some districts is called Ivan-da-Marya, in other so-called plants of the genus mariannick (Melampyrum).
There are instances that Russians are in Ukraine to other plants. For example, the dandelion in the English language called the genus Leontodon, and Ukrainian — the genus Taraxacum. Therefore, in scientific and popular literature after the Russian or Ukrainian names of plants are given Latin names, as they are accepted in all countries.